How to use a hand sewing machine

How to use a hand sewing machine

The basic principles of the sewing machine the user should learn before the beginning of mastering of basics of the tailor of skill. Depending on the type and features of the device, some subtleties of use may differ. The manual sewing machine is a unit, which has existed for many years, however, not everyone knows, how to use it properly.

Preparing a sewing machine for work consists of several stages:

  • study the instructions for the device;
  • needle installation;
  • threading;
  • select the desired sewing mode.

Operating Instructions

Even in the process of choosing a suitable device, you should ask about the availability of instructions for your favorite model of sewing machine in Russian. The presence of such a document in the kit is especially important for those, who has never dealt with such devices. This also applies to the purchase of b / in cars through bulletin boards. As a last resort, Before buying, you should take care to search for instructions on the Internet.

Of course, if you buy a model of hand sewing machine of the old model, for example "Podolsk" or "Singer", it is unlikely to get the original rules of use. Sometimes this is not necessary, as such devices are easy to set up and operate. It is easy to refuel and maintain. Such devices are reliable, therefore still valued. Another advantage of old manual sewing machines is the ability to sew thick fabrics - this is beyond the power of most modern household models.

needle installation

Only after learning the rules of safety when working on a sewing machine, you can start using it directly. First, what you need to do is install the needle correctly. This applies to all models, whether it is manual or foot-operated.

The thickness of the needle is chosen depending on the material, which will be used in sewing. It is best to buy a set of needles together with a sewing machine - this will allow you to work with fabrics of different types and thicknesses..

Sometimes such kits provide comments on the number of needles, which fabrics they fit.

To install the needle, follow these steps.

  1. Put the needle holder in the highest position, by turning the flywheel.
  2. The needle for the sewing machine has a special structure, having studied which, it can be easily installed correctly. The needle is inserted outwards with the flat side of the flask, and a long groove - inside (to the bases of the sleeves).
  3. The needle is wound to the stop in the holder provided for it and fixed with a screw.

Proper needle placement is very important. Otherwise, no loop will be created during operation, which will lead to omissions.

How to fill a sewing machine

It is easy to refuel modern devices: usually, in the instructions all the actions are shown in the schematic drawings. The body of modern devices has digital symbols or arrows, that help in refueling threads. But if the document and drawings are missing, then you have to cope on their own.

Instructions for refueling the upper thread

You should always start from the top. Grabbing the end of the thread, it extends into a small window on the back of the device, is displayed in the tension regulator, stretched into special loops and displayed on the needle.

If the filling is incorrect, there is a risk of the thread being rubbed during sewing or the unit malfunctioning.

Refueling of the lower thread is also carried out in accordance with certain rules. Regardless of type and model, refueling the chapel (coil installation) is carried out as follows, so that the thread goes clockwise. When refueling, pay special attention to the thickness of the thread (her number) - it must be the same. The rules of work on a sewing machine order to wind a thread on a spool from the same spool, to be installed ??for the upper thread.

Instructions for refueling the lower thread

How to fill a sewing machine

To pull the lower thread, necessary:

  • take the end of the upper thread (NOT pulling it), which is already inserted ??in the needle;
  • lower the needle into the eye of the plate using the flywheel;
  • needle grab the shuttle thread, it will only have to be removed.

mode selection

Before work it is necessary to study an arrangement of switches of modes, thread tension, reverse. Modern models provide a graphic representation of line types on the body of the device (straight line, zvivista, binding, etc.), on old typewriters the choice of stitches is not so great. For reverse (to secure the thread at the end of the work) all models have a small lever.

After all the preparatory activities, the material is placed under the foot, which then descends on him, and you can start sewing directly.

Sewing mini-machines

The modern market of sewing devices is quite diverse. Today, manufacturers produce miniature hand-held sewing machines, which are placed in the hand. Their main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • lack of complex mechanisms of thread filling;
  • ease of operation;
  • you can adjust the stitch length.

Features and rules, how to use a compact hand-held sewing machine, very simple. Simply insert one thread, choose the length of the stitch and you can immediately start sewing. They are easy to take with you on the road. They are suitable for urgent repair of clothing or adjusting the length of the curtains, without removing them from the curtain.

General rules of operation of manual sewing machines

Work on a sewing machine with a manual drive must be carried out in strict compliance with safety rules.

  1. Suppose you turn the flywheel only in one direction - on yourself. Turning in the opposite direction will entangle the shuttle thread.
  2. If work on the car is not carried out, the clamping foot must be in the raised position.
  3. It is impossible to work on the typewriter without fabric. This will blunt the lower teeth of the foot.
  4. Stretching of the material is not allowed during operation, you only need to adjust its direction. The machine does all the work on the movement itself.
  5. The shuttle cover on the housing must be closed during operation.
  6. Do not lift your fingers close to the needle or try to straighten the thread of the working device while working.
  7. You can not sew on pins, which fastens the thread - this will break the needle.

It is not difficult to master the work on a sewing machine. The main thing, follow the instructions and strictly follow safety precautions.

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