How to use a stationary electric joint: varieties of electric jointers and the principle of operation

Joints are the main tool for finishing wooden parts, the appearance of the finished product depends on its quality. The functions of the electrical appliance are used in construction, finishing and repair work.

The wide area of ​​use is determined by the perfection of the design, economical indicators of application, reliability, ease of operation and modern design.

Description of parameters to choose from

Companies, producing electric jointers, pay attention to safe operation and adjustment of the tool. A handle is used for convenient placement of the device in the hand, at the same time serves as a regulator of depth of grouting.

Some power tools are equipped with a device to automatically remove dust from the work surface, in other joints it is connected to the vacuum cleaner through a branch pipe. The lock button will help to avoid accidental switching on of the tool.

Electric joints differ in power consumption, engine speed and layer depth, that is cut off. The choice of tool is determined by the required technical parameters, which are responsible for the required performance of the jointer.

The power of the engine - 500 W will be suitable for the tool, working at home and on small and light jobs in private workshops. Professional work in difficult conditions, which requires high performance, will require the use of stationary jointers with power consumption up to 2200 W.

Basic technical characteristics

  • The power tool has an undeniable advantage over its mechanical counterpart. It is installed on the working machine and does not require physical effort, which are required for processing of details by a mechanical manual jointer. Its use can be compared with the work of a small woodworking machine.
  • The width of planing takes into account the size of the cut strip in one pass and varies from 80 to 372 mm. This indicator of the wood cut is determined by the possibility of knives, installed in this tool. Precise and delicate work requires the use of a jointer with a small planing width, and for the big processed surface it is more convenient to take the tool with a wide strip.
  • Depth of planing is not less important characteristic and shows the size of the maximum introduction of a knife into depth of a surface layer of the processed detail.. For powerful machines and household tools, this value differs significantly.
  • One of the main basic characteristics is the speed of rotation of the drum, depending on the engine speed. High-speed jointer is used for complex and precise work, which has a positive effect on the quality of planing and productivity. To compensate for the low power of the engine, choose a tool with a large diameter of the drum.
  • The weight of the jointer affects the comfort of work, the light tool is more functional and does not demand the strengthened physical activity. But the advantage of a heavy device is high-quality grouting, as it eliminates the appearance of an air gap between the tool plate and the wood surface.

The device in a complete set of a jointer for increase in functionality:

  • wood dust collection and removal system;
  • sampling depth adjustment mechanism;
  • protection against unplanned inclusion;
  • handles with vibration absorption, provide comfortable use and prevent slipping;
  • mechanism, which facilitates the rapid replacement of the used blade;
  • a set of additional knives for different purposes;
  • stops of the necessary varieties;
  • guiding parallels;
  • set of hexagonal keys;
  • dust bag;
  • storage box for the device.

Description of a jointer of popular manufacturers

The most popular tools for finishing wood parts are brands of well-known manufacturers, who are trying to increase demand for high quality and reliable products. These include brands from global manufacturers: HITACHI, MAKITA, BOSCH, UNDERSTAND, DEWALT, BLACK DECKER, ZUBR, CASALS, TIME, STAYER, Uragan.

Electric jointers Interskol. Model R-82 TS-01 differs in the width of the planing strip 82 mm, other indicators are standard. All structures are based on a cast platform made of aluminum alloy. Carbide knives allow you to choose the desired depth of grouting, there is a possibility of smooth regulation of this indicator.

Mostly the work is done in an unattached position, but if necessary, the joint is fixed with the sole up. Knives in this position are closed by a casing on springs, which is fixed with a removable bracket.

Option R-102/1100 M is powered by mains voltage 220 V, the engine consumes 1100 W. It allows you to plan the width of the strip 102 mm, at the same time makes a sample to a depth of 2,5 mm The motor speed is 11 thousand. per minute. The protection mechanism is provided, brushes are switched off and the automatic stop of movement with fixing at power off is stopped.

Jointing machine model 110-01 used for industrial work in intensive conditions, allows for one drill to remove up to 3 mm of wood from the surface. The working plate is made of metal, and a carbide material was chosen for the knife blades.

Knives are subject to repeated sharpening, which saves on their replacement. The machine is designed to be fixed in the position with the knives on top.