Perennial garden carnation - planting and care, Photo, varieties, see, seeds and seedlings

Fragrant and bright, flowering perennial garden carnation perennial, planting and care for which will not cause difficulties even for novice gardeners, is considered the most common plant in the gardens of Russia and around the world, but worth knowing, when to sow seeds for seedlings, how to plant in open ground and what to do next…

Turkish carnation - in the photo

What carnation to plant varieties and species of perennial carnations

Unpretentious flower - perennial carnation garden has a high degree of decorative effect, and has more 300 varieties, the following species are cultivated from them:

Bearded or Turkish carnation - a species with small inflorescences of various colors, relatively few flowers bloom on the bushes,close 30-50. Turkish carnation garden perennial variety has a variety - Egyptian, Duplex, Little Willie and Undine

Pinnate carnation - an alpine variety, which is characterized by corrugated leaves and simple or dense terry flowers of medium size, popular varieties - Alba, The Pleiades, Sonata, and any variety looks great in rockeries and alpine slides

Pinnate carnation - in the photo

Chinese - plants with bluish leaves and simple or terry inflorescences, most varieties of Chinese perennial carnations have a two-tone color, popular varieties - Lucifer, Snow globe, Heddeviga and Diana

Chinese carnation - in the photo

Dutch carnation - a species created artificially by crossing different types of culture, among the varietal diversity there is a perennial border carnation (plant height does not exceed 30-35 cm), but, more numerous varieties up to half a meter in height, and the color and shape of the inflorescences are varied, popular varieties - Carousel, Scarlett, North Light

Dutch carnation - in the photo

Carnation Shabo - the most fragrant and diverse in color petals species, the flowers are large, dense terry, with an intricate shape of inflorescences, resembling corrugated balls, and popular varieties - Watercolor, Lyon, Picoti Tale, Disco and Mont Blanc

Carnation Shabo - pictured

Grenadine carnation - plants with large terry inflorescences, which on one bush can be several hundred pieces, popular varieties - Coral, King in black, Carrot King and Capture

Grenadine carnation - in the photo

All these varieties of culture, known as perennial garden carnation, planting and care required are similar, as they do not have significant differences in growth requirements.

Perennial garden carnation - planting seeds and seedlings

Garden perennial carnation can be propagated by direct sowing of seeds in the soil, seedlings and division of the bush. The latter option is not suitable for all species, since some of them grow in Russian gardens as biennials. Dutch is considered ideal for propagation by cuttings and division of a bush, pinnate and Turkish carnation perennial garden - planting and care for them can be carried out, bypassing the sowing stage. However, for this, plants should already be growing on the plot and, if the gardener has to settle for the first time in his flower beds this fragrant flower, the best way to get a perennial, known as garden carnation, - growing from seed.

The seedling method requires seeds of your favorite variety, shallow containers and soil, consisting of garden soil, peat and humus in equal parts with the addition of coarse sand (1 liters per 1 bucket of soil mixture). Sowing begins in March. The seeds are spread on the surface of well-moistened soil and covered with a thin layer of sand. After planting, the container is covered with glass and placed in a dark place with a temperature not lower 15 degrees.

carnation seedlings - in the photo

After the emergence of seedlings containers with seedlings are placed on the windowsill, periodically spray and maintain the temperature +18 ?+…22 ?WITH. Caring for perennial garden carnations in the seedling stage requires picking, it is recommended to spend after the appearance of two true leaves. When the bushes appear 5-6 real letter, seedlings are pinched.

Planting perennial carnations in the ground is carried out in early June. The place for garden carnations should be bright and open, and the soil is well drained. On 1 sq. m. make on a bucket of peat and humus, 2-3 l of coarse sand or as much perlite. If the soil is acidic, it is desirable to make dolomite flour for digging, ash or lime.

Planting carnations in the ground is carried out in cloudy weather according to the scheme 30 X 40 div. If the carnation is perennial low-growing, the distance between the plants can be reduced to 20-30 cm After planting the plants are watered and lightly mulched with sand, to prevent black leg.

If carnations are planted with seeds in the soil, this can be done in mid-May. The seeds are placed in the soil to a depth 1 cm, cover with plastic wrap. After the emergence of the shelter is removed. Caring for young plants is periodic watering (when the surface of the bed dries) and thinning, which is carried out after the appearance 2-4 real leaves. Between the shoots are left 30-40 see After appearance 6-8 true leaves of the plant are pinched.

Caring for perennial carnations in the garden

For the plant carnation perennial garden carnation, planting and care, conducted according to all the rules, is the basis of good flowering in the future. AND, if there were almost no problems with seedlings, with enlarged bushes will have to come into contact more often. In summer, the care of perennial carnations consists of several points:

Weeding is especially important for young and transplanted plots, prevents growth retardation and fungal diseases

Watering 3-4 times a week on 500 ml per plant

Feeding - in the first year of the bed mulch with humus for the winter, and in the spring urea granules are scattered on the melted snow (30 d on 1 m. sq.). During budding care is to apply Kemir fertilizers or nitroammophoska (20 g / 10 liters of water with a consumption of 500 ml of solution per plant), during flowering use complex fertilizers Universal or Master according to the instructions

But even a healthy perennial garden carnation, planting and care of which is carried out according to all the rules, can get fungal infections. You can get rid of the problem by using preventive treatments with Maxim drugs, Topaz or Fundazole, which are diluted in water according to instructions, indicated on the package, and spray the cloves through 2-4 weeks after planting in open ground and after bud formation.

With the onset of autumn frosts cloves are finally cut and mulched with humus. Insulated and shelter for this plant does not need to be erected, the only one, that requires perennial carnation - care in winter in the form of snow on the landing site. If in the region, where carnations are grown, frosty winters are snowless, it can be protected from freezing.

Perennial carnation is unique in its external characteristics, aroma and unpretentiousness. When properly combined with other plants, it is able to transform the garden, turn it into a fragrant corner of nature, decorated with all the colors of the rainbow.

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